Youth and physical beauty will inevitably fade. Riches and material possessions come and go. Personal relationships do not last. Attainments such as these can never give us lasting satisfaction, and, ultimately, thinking about such passing enjoyments will only agitate the mind. It is by directing our attention beyond the ephemeral that the mind becomes peaceful.

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Vivekachudamani literally means the "Crest-jewel of discrimination". The text discusses key concepts and the viveka or discrimination or discernment between real unchanging, eternal and unreal changing, temporal , Prakriti and Atman , the oneness of Atman and Brahman , and self-knowledge as the central task of the spiritual life and for Moksha. Although traditionally attributed to Adi Sankara, this fact is contested by modern scholarship and said by some to be written by Shankaracharyas of the Advaita tradition.

Through the centuries, the Vivekachudamani has been translated into several languages and has been the topic of many commentaries and expositions. The authorship of Vivekachudamani has been questioned. Ingalls Sr. According to Michael Comans, a scholar of Advaita Vedanta, though the Hindu tradition popularly believes that Adi Shankara authored Vivekachudamani , this is "most probably erroneous". According to John Grimes, a professor of Hinduism and Buddhism known for his translation of Vivekachudamani , "modern scholars tend to reject that Adi Shankara composed Vivekachudamani, while traditionalists tend to accept it", and there is an unending "arguments and counter-arguments" about its authorship.

According to Swami Dayananda Saraswati, a Vedanta teacher, "I do not think we lose anything even if the authorship is attributed to any other Sankaracharya of one of the various Sankara-mathas. Many historic manuscripts of Vivekacudamani have been found in different monasteries of Advaita Vedanta. These have minor variations, and a critical edition of these has not been published yet.

Balasubramania Iyer in Other editions have been the basis of a few Indian translations. Vivekachudamani consists of verses in Sanskrit. These cover a range of spiritual topics and their answers according to the Advaita Vedanta tradition of Hinduism. The text begins with salutations to Govinda , which can be interpreted either as referring to God or to his guru Sri Govinda Bhagavatpada.

It criticizes attachment to the body and goes to explain the various Sareeras, Kosas , Gunas , Senses and Pranas which constitute the Anatman. The Vivekachudamani describes the characteristics of an enlightened human being Jivanmukta [18] and a person of steady wisdom Sthitaprajna on the lines of Bhagavad Gita.

The Vivekachudmani has been celebrated for centuries as a lucid introductory treatise to Advaita Vedanta. It is primarily a pedagogical treatise, as an aid to an Advaitin's spiritual journey to liberation rather than "philosophy for the sake of philosophy". It is one of the texts of "spiritual sustenance" in the Advaita tradition.

The Vivekachudmani is one of several historic teaching manuals in the Advaita tradition, one of its most popular. Other texts that illustrate Advaita ideas in a manner broadly similar to Vivekachudmani but are neither as comprehensive nor same, include Ekasloki , Svatmaprakasika , Manisapancaka , Nirvanamanjari , Tattvopadesa , Prasnottararatnamalika , Svatmanirupana , Prabodhasudhakara and Jivanmuktanandalahari. Upadesasahasri , another Advaita teaching manual, is attributed to Adi Shankara.

There are two Sanskrit commentaries on this work. Sri Sacchidananda Shivabhinava Nrusimha Bharati , the pontiff of Sringeri , wrote a commentary titled Vivekodaya Dawn of Discrimination on the first 7 verses of this work. His disciple, Sri Chandrasekhara Bharathi , has written a Vyakhya or commentary on the first verses of this work.

This work has been repeatedly translated into various languages, often accompanied by a commentary in the same language. Tamil translations and commentaries include those by Ramana Maharshi. Swami Jyotihswarupananda has translated the Vivekachudamani into Marathi.

A recent scholarly translation of the text was published in by John Grimes — a professor of Hinduism and Buddhism. The unusually lucid presentation of the Sanskrit slokas is rendered with exactness and eloquent clarity in the English. The accompanying Upanisadic cross-referencing and Sanskrit-English lexicon of key terms will prove themselves enormously helpful to lay readers, students, and scholars.

Translation: Brahman is the only truth, the world is illusory, and there is ultimately no difference between Brahman and individual self [26] While this verse is frequently attributed to the Vivekacudamani, in fact it comes from Verse 20 of the Brahma Jnana Vali Mala. Translation: By reflection, reasoning and instructions of teachers, the truth is known, Not by ablutions, not by making donations, nor by performing hundreds of breath control exercises.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main traditions. Vaishnavism Shaivism Shaktism Smartism. Rites of passage. Philosophical schools. Gurus, saints, philosophers. Other texts. Text classification. Other topics. Moksha Anubhava Turiya Sahaja. Monasteries and Orders. Academic Paul Deussen Daniel H. Philosophy East and West. Nickoloff , p. Extracting the Essence of the Sruti. Motilal Banarsidass. Shankara and Indian Philosophy. State University of New York Press. Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.

The Hindu. Retrieved 22 May Isaeva Krishna's Song. Greenwood Publishing Group. A Brief Dictionary of Hinduism. Vedanta Press. Nickoloff Liturgical Press. Vivekachudamani of Sri Sankaracharya. Advaita Ashrama. Shankara's Crest Jewel of Discrimination. Ranganathananda, Swami The Message of Vivekachudamani. Sankaranarayanan Vivekachudamani 4 ed. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan.

The Crest Jewel of Wisdom. Indian philosophy. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Contribute Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Attributed to Adi Shankara , [1] though generally rejected by modern scholarship [2] [3]. Advaita Vedanta. Original: 8th century or later; Modern: T.

Balasubramania Iyer [4]. Part of a series on. Hindus History. Main traditions Vaishnavism Shaivism Shaktism Smartism. Glossary of Hinduism terms Hinduism portal. Moksha Moksha Anubhava Turiya Sahaja. Topics [16]. Text, transliteration and translation [8].

The absolute brahman, the atman, the oneness, and the Vedic precepts. Wikisource has original text related to this article: The Crest Jewel of Wisdom.








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