MACULOPATIA DIABETICA PDF

The macular damage associated with diabetes mellitus is known as diabetic maculopathy , a form of macular degeneration It must be diagnosed and treated in time to preserve the patient's vision. Diabetes mellitus is a degenerative disease that occurs when the pancreas is not able to secrete enough insulin or when insulin does not act properly in the body because the cells do not respond to its stimulation. This progressively affects the entire body and, the ocular structure, is not without suffering havoc. Among the consequences of continuous high blood glucose levels, the damage that can occur in the retina. More specifically, in the macula, a small spot that is in the center of the retina and is responsible for central vision. Diabetic maculopathy.

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The macular damage associated with diabetes mellitus is known as diabetic maculopathy , a form of macular degeneration It must be diagnosed and treated in time to preserve the patient's vision. Diabetes mellitus is a degenerative disease that occurs when the pancreas is not able to secrete enough insulin or when insulin does not act properly in the body because the cells do not respond to its stimulation. This progressively affects the entire body and, the ocular structure, is not without suffering havoc.

Among the consequences of continuous high blood glucose levels, the damage that can occur in the retina. More specifically, in the macula, a small spot that is in the center of the retina and is responsible for central vision. Diabetic maculopathy. La diabetic maculopathy is a macular degeneration caused by the constant high blood glucose levels.

Diabetes affects vision very significantly, and the Diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration are the most common ravages that this disease produces. Macular degeneration is a disorder that affects the macula progressively and, as a consequence, causes a loss of central vision, distortion and loss of contrast perception in the images, and generates some difficulty to perform daily activities such as driving and reading. When a person suffers from macular degeneration he notices a certain loss of central visual acuity, which makes it difficult for him to see correctly in places with poor lighting or to recognize people's faces.

Diabetic maculopathy is a disease that progresses progressively and early diagnosis is essential to prevent the patient's loss of vision.

When a person suffers from diabetes mellitus, he has a higher risk of damage to the blood vessels of the retina. This significantly impairs the function of the macula, structure responsible for the central vision and the perception of the details of the images. El diabetic macular edema It is recognized by the thickening of the retina, caused by the outflow of fluid into the extravascular space.

When edema is accompanied by hard exudates, together with small groups of microaneurysms, it is considered to be of focal type. El diffuse edema It is recognized by the thickening of the macula of the retina, but, unlike focal edema, there is no presence of exudates or leaks through microaneurysms.

However, in diffuse edema you can see an escape of fluid throughout the macular structure. Unlike edematous diabetic maculopathy, in the ischemic maculopathy There is no presence of edema.

This condition is recognized by the lack of blood supply to the macula, which prevents or affects its proper functioning. Diabetic maculopathy, especially when it is edematous, usually develops associated with different degrees of Diabetic retinopathy.

Therefore, the symptoms of macular degeneration due to diabetes may be accompanied by manifestations of diabetic retinopathy:. As we have explained, diabetes mellitus is a condition that progressively affects the health of the entire body.

When blood glucose levels are not well controlled and there are constant changes, there is damage to the blood vessels of the retina that can cause diabetic retinopathy.

Diabetes affects the blood vessels of the ocular structure causing them to lose fluid, small amounts of blood and fat leaks that ignite the macula and give rise to a diabetic macular edema. As a consequence, the macula begins to function poorly, gradually affecting the patient's central vision. To date, there is no definitive cure for any type of macular degeneration, including diabetic maculopathy. However, an early diagnosis is key so that the patient can opt for some treatments that will help stop the progress of the disease, and thus preserve the central vision for much longer.

In the first place, the treatment of macular degeneration due to diabetes must include the control of blood glucose levels, cholesterol and blood pressure, thus preventing further damage to the retina. Every patient with diabetes mellitus should periodically attend an endocrinological control to keep the disease under control.

At present, there are several ophthalmological treatment options for diabetic maculopathy that help delay the progression of the disease, the most effective are:. Diabetic maculopathy is one of the main causes of vision loss in patients with diabetes. Remember that early diagnosis is the key to preserving vision. Diabetic maculopathy The macular damage associated with diabetes mellitus is known as diabetic maculopathy , a form of macular degeneration It must be diagnosed and treated in time to preserve the patient's vision.

What is diabetic maculopathy? Types of diabetic maculopathy Within the macular degeneration due to diabetes we can find several types:.

Focal edama El diabetic macular edema It is recognized by the thickening of the retina, caused by the outflow of fluid into the extravascular space.

Diffuse edama El diffuse edema It is recognized by the thickening of the macula of the retina, but, unlike focal edema, there is no presence of exudates or leaks through microaneurysms. Ischemic maculopathy Unlike edematous diabetic maculopathy, in the ischemic maculopathy There is no presence of edema. Blurry vision. Deterioration of color perception. Transparent or colorless spots that float on the campor visual Appearance of patches or streaks in the vision that hinder the perception of images.

Loss of acuity of central vision. Difficulty reading, driving or recognizing faces. Difficulty seeing correctly in dimly lit spaces.

Sudden loss of vision. Difficulty seeing well at night. Causes of macular degeneration due to diabetes As we have explained, diabetes mellitus is a condition that progressively affects the health of the entire body. Recommended treatment To date, there is no definitive cure for any type of macular degeneration, including diabetic maculopathy.

At present, there are several ophthalmological treatment options for diabetic maculopathy that help delay the progression of the disease, the most effective are: Laser technology applied in the eye to seal the leaks of the blood vessels and prevent the filtration of fluid into the vitreous humor.

Local laser or photocoagulation can be applied, which destroys the abnormal blood vessels of the retina. You can also opt for the grid laser to treat damaged blood vessels in localized areas of the retina, but away from the macula. The intraocular injections of medications Like Avastin, they help stop the excessive growth of new blood vessels in the retina and eliminate the presence of abnormal blood vessels.

If the diabetic maculopathy is edematous, the patient will require frequent eye injections. La steroid administration In the vitreous, through eye injections, it has proven to be of great help in combating inflammation caused by macular edema. However, the use of ocular steroids is associated with the development of glaucoma y Cataracts. Your Order. Diabetes affects the ocular structure causing conditions such as diabetic maculopathy.

We explain what it is and how it is treated. Name of the editor. We use cookies to ensure we give the best user experience on our website. Your continued use of this site assume that you agree. I agree Read more.

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maculopatía diabética

Diabetic retinopathy DR is a chronic complication of diabetes mellitus DM. High glicemia and blood pressure levels, along with the long diabetes mellitus duration, are the main risk factors for diabetes mellitus Diabetic retinopathy. Other factors can also be associated with the loss of vision that occurs in diabetes mellitus. The risk factors can be classified as genetical or non-genetical, the latter including factors related or not to diabetes mellitus, environmental and ocular. Control of the known risk factors and effective treatment are the main basis of the Diabetic retinopathy management.

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