LANGUAGE AND SPECIES DEREK BICKERTON PDF

Derek Bickerton b. Examples include merchant seamen in distant ports and, historically, slaves in the West Indies. This theory states that the structural similarity between many creole languages must arise from an innate capacity in the brain. Chapter 1 The Continuity Paradox Human and animal behaviour separated by one major distinction that not often appreciated — language.

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Language and Species by Derek Bickerton. Language and Species presents the most detailed and well-documented scenario to date of the origins of language. Drawing on "living linguistic fossils" such as "ape talk," the "two-word" stage of small children, and pidgin languages, and on recent discoveries in paleoanthropology, Bickerton shows how a primitive "protolanguage" could have offered Homo erectus a novel ecolo Language and Species presents the most detailed and well-documented scenario to date of the origins of language.

Drawing on "living linguistic fossils" such as "ape talk," the "two-word" stage of small children, and pidgin languages, and on recent discoveries in paleoanthropology, Bickerton shows how a primitive "protolanguage" could have offered Homo erectus a novel ecological niche. He goes on to demonstrate how this protolanguage could have developed into the languages we speak today. Marshall, Nature Get A Copy.

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Sort order. Start your review of Language and Species. Sep 25, Enrique rated it really liked it. A classical book on language evolution. I read it after Adams Tongue from the same author and even though it predates the later by around 20 years I found some of the ideas on this book to be of a deeper nature.

Definitely a classic in language evolution and very much an enjoyable read today. The view of Derek is that all animals have a primary representation system that allows them to conceptualize the sensory input and also run inferences and decision making processes based on that.

But humans A classical book on language evolution. But humans are the only one as far as we know that have a secondary representation system, with which they represent the PRS concept and manipulate them. The appearance of the SRS is what enabled language, conscience, and a dramatic alteration of the environment. He described which elements may have appeared gradually protolanguage, of the kind that you can teach chimpanzees but unable of Gavin recursive syntax; vocal tract control, etc.

Oct 07, Bart Jr. You only run into a few really important ideas in your life, and you tend to remember them, if not always exactly when and where they were first heard or read. Years ago, I read this book, and crashed headlong into one of these ideas. Language is a system of representation. First o You only run into a few really important ideas in your life, and you tend to remember them, if not always exactly when and where they were first heard or read.

First off, we never get a raw, uncensored, completely undistorted, true version of reality. Reality is always filtered by the ways in which we access it through our senses. Bickerton called this knowledge gained through our senses our primary representational system, or PRS.

Almost every type of creature has one, and they are all different. The PRS is the combination of sensory mechanisms that lets us see, touch, hear, and feel the world around us. Bats use echolocation to navigate. Some fish utilize electric fields to locate their prey. Birds use the magnetic field of the earth to navigate. But when humans developed language, we got a secondary representational system. We still receive all our primary information through our senses, but the SRS allowed us to make representations about the things we sensed.

It made our reality symbolic; it permitted us to communicate, to create narratives, and tell stories about what we sensed of reality.

Our models of reality became more complex and accurate, which made the likelihood of survival greater. Communication was important, but language taught us a new way to think.

It also eventually brought a new form of consciousness, self-consciousness. By allowing us to model reality offline, so to speak, it encouraged and broadened planning and imagination. Bickerton discovers parallels between childhood language acquisition, ape symbol use, protolanguage, and the way pidgins develop into creoles, to draw other startling conclusions about language and thought. He speculates on the probable origin of protolanguage, likely in Homo erectus, traces the development of grammar, and shows why syntax would have been the last vital step toward modern language, communication, and representation.

The sections on grammar and syntax are sometimes tough sledding but worth it. Highest recommendation for this language classic. Nov 07, Pearse Anderson rated it it was ok Shelves: school , nonfiction. It was a perfectly fine academic text, but it was trying to be for the common man and not doing too well.

There are no discussion topics on this book yet. Readers also enjoyed. About Derek Bickerton. Derek Bickerton.

Based on his work in creole languages in Guyana and Hawaii, he proposed that the features of creole languages provide powerful insights into the development of language both by individuals and as a feature of the human species. He was the originator and main proponent of the language bio Derek Bickerton born March 25, was a linguist and Professor Emeritus at the University of Hawaii, Manoa.

He was the originator and main proponent of the language bioprogram hypothesis according to which the similarity of creoles is due to their being formed from a prior pidgin by children who all share a universal human innate grammar capacity. Bickerton also wrote several novels. He was the father of contemporary artist Ashley Bickerton.

Books by Derek Bickerton. Related Articles. For more than a decade, Neil deGrasse Tyson, the world-renowned astrophysicist and host of the popular radio and Emmy-nominated televi Read more Trivia About Language and Species.

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Derek Bickerton

By Derek Bickerton. It gives me great pleasure to be able to reverse the normal order of acknowledgments, in which the author expresses boundless gratitude to everyone else, from his gurus to the people who licked envelopes, and at the very end briefly thanks his spouse for getting his meals on time and putting up with his moods. On any criteria, the person this book owes most to is my wife Yvonne. Its conception occurred while she was taking classes from Harry Drayton at the University of Guyana. I was fascinated yet baffled.

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Language and Species

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Language & Species (1990), by Derek Bickerton

Derek Bickerton March 25, — March 5, was an English-born American linguist and academic who was professor emeritus at the University of Hawaii in Manoa. Based on his work in creole languages in Guyana and Hawaii , he has proposed that the features of creole languages provide powerful insights into the development of language both by individuals and as a feature of the human species. He is the originator and main proponent of the language bioprogram hypothesis according to which the similarity of creoles is due to their being formed from a prior pidgin by children who all share a universal human innate grammar capacity. Bickerton also wrote several novels.

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