HUDOOD ORDINANCE PDF

Martin Lau. Shortly after coming into power in , General Zia ul-Haq began to Islamize the Pakistan legal system. One measure used to convert Pakistan into an Islamic state was the introduction of hadd offenses-those offenses for which the Qur'an prescribed fixed punishments-into the criminal law. This Article specifically examines the impact of one of these provisions, the Offense of Zina Enforcement of Hudood Ordinance, on sexual offenses under the Pakistan Penal Code. This statute criminalized all forms of adultery and fornication outside of a legally valid marriage, including instances of rape where the burden of proof had not been met. In , in response to pressure from women's rights groups to repeal or amend this Ordinance, the Pakistani National Assembly passed the Protection of Women Criminal Laws Amendment Act.

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Martin Lau. Shortly after coming into power in , General Zia ul-Haq began to Islamize the Pakistan legal system. One measure used to convert Pakistan into an Islamic state was the introduction of hadd offenses-those offenses for which the Qur'an prescribed fixed punishments-into the criminal law.

This Article specifically examines the impact of one of these provisions, the Offense of Zina Enforcement of Hudood Ordinance, on sexual offenses under the Pakistan Penal Code. This statute criminalized all forms of adultery and fornication outside of a legally valid marriage, including instances of rape where the burden of proof had not been met. In , in response to pressure from women's rights groups to repeal or amend this Ordinance, the Pakistani National Assembly passed the Protection of Women Criminal Laws Amendment Act.

Designed to weaken the inequities of the Zina Ordinance while maintaining conformity with Islamic law, this Act introduced significant reforms to the laws as they relate to women.

This Article discusses the importance of this Act and the continual need for additional reform. To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately, you may Download the file to your hard drive.

Advanced Search. Privacy Copyright. Skip to main content Washington and Lee Law Review. Authors Martin Lau. Select an issue: All Issues Vol. Tweets by WLLawLib. Digital Commons.

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Hudood Laws

An Ordinance to bring in conformity with the injunctions of Islam the law relating to the Offence of Zina. Order No. Oridnance to override other Laws. The provisions of this Ordinance shall have effect nothwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force.

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Hudood Ordinances

The most controversial of these are the two laws pertaining to sexual offences, i. These laws created six distinct categories of sexual offences and assigned punishments for each:. The introduction of these laws resulted in the offences of rape and adultery in the Pakistan Penal Code PPC to be repealed as they were substituted by these offences. The primary distinction between the hadd and tazir offenses is that the hadd offences require a higher standard of proof than is needed in tazir as the Islamic punishments are more severe.

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