Brazilian validation of the Questionnaire of Smoking Urges. The design was experimental, and participants were randomly distributed in groups of zero, 30, and 60 minutes of tobacco abstinence. Total variation in the two-factor factorial analysis was Factor 1 represented the anticipated relief of negative affect, nicotine abstinence symptoms, and urgent and overwhelming desire to smoke. Factor 2 represented the desire to smoke and the anticipation of smoking pleasure. Such results are contrary to those found in the original QSU.

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Introduction: Smoking prevalence in Portugal is estimated to be Smoking is prevalent in anxiety disorders. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale allows an estimate of anxiety and depression.

Material and methods: We designed an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, analytical study. Anonymous survey. We considered as inclusion criteria the over 18 years of age and literate clinic users and as exclusion criteria the under 18 years old users or incomplete surveys.

We found no differences in the prevalence of anxiety or depression when comparing non-smokers, ex-smokers and smokers. We found that the degree of nicotine addiction varies directly with anxiety and depression, however, the only statistically significant relationship observed was in women, even after correcting the effect of age.

Discussion: There is a relationship between nicotine dependence and the severity of symptoms of anxiety and depression, most relevant in women. Limitation: selection bias. Conclusion: This study supplies information regarding psychological factors associated with tobacco consumption, allowing for its inclusion in treatment options for nicotine dependence. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features!

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Ozder A, Eker HH. Ozder A, et al. Int J Clin Exp Med. Publication types English Abstract Actions. Multicenter Study Actions. Observational Study Actions. MeSH terms Adolescent Actions. Adult Actions. Aged Actions. Aged, 80 and over Actions. Cross-Sectional Studies Actions. Female Actions. Humans Actions. Male Actions. Middle Aged Actions. Prevalence Actions. Primary Health Care Actions. Severity of Illness Index Actions. Young Adult Actions. Copy Download.


[Relationship Between Smoking and Anxiety and Depression in Primary Care]

Back to Summary. Smoking in elderly patients admitted to long-term care facilities. J Bras Pneumol. Introduction Although the benefits of smoking cessation are more evident among young individuals, smoking cessation at any age reduces the risk of death 1 and improves the general health status. However, studies investigating smoking in this population are scarce. The MMSE is used worldwide and has versions in various languages and for use in various countries, including a Portuguese-language version that has been validated for use in Brazil.


I Psychologist in the Department of Neurosciences and Behavior. Correspondence to. The objective of the present report was to review articles related to the psychometric properties of the FTND. Analysis of the studies confirmed the reliability of the FTND for the assessment of nicotine dependence in different settings and populations.





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