His mom was a relative of Vaishnava austere Advaita Acharya. He had six senior siblings and a more youthful sister. His father, Kartikeya Chandra Roy, was the dewan. His mother, Prasannamayee Devi, was a relative of Adwaita Prabhu. He had one younger sister and six elder brothers.
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Roy, Dwijendralal poet, playwright and lyricist, was born on 19 July at Krishnanagar in Nadia district, where his father, kartikeya chandra roy , was the dewan. His mother, Prasannamayee Devi, was a descendant of Adwaita Prabhu. Returning to India he received training in survey and settlement department in Madhya Pradesh and was appointed a deputy in the department. He was later appointed a deputy magistrate in Dinajpur. In Dwijendralal established a literary society, Purnima Milon, in Kolkata.
He became the editor of the monthly bharatvarsa in Dwijendralal had a literary bent of mind and started writing poems while still in his teens. While still a student he wrote Aryagatha part 1, During his stay in England he wrote The Lyrics of Ind in Among his other books are collections of poems and songs: Aryagatha part 2, , Hasir Gan , Mandra , Alekhya , and Triveni He also wrote plays, many of which are included in university syllabi.
Among his mythical plays are Pasani , Sita and Visma His social plays include Parapare and Babganari He also wrote a number of historical plays: Tarabai , Rana Pratapsingh , Mebar Patan , Nurjahan , Sajahan and Chandragupta Most of his plays were successfully staged in Kolkata and elsewhere. He is specially remembered for his historical plays.
He was also a well-known composer of modern songs; dwijendragiti still form a regular feature of radio and television programmes. Dwijendralal composed about five hundred songs on different topics.
Initially his songs were known as Dwijubabu's songs, subsequently became known as Dwijendragiti. Dwijendralal's first collection of songs, Aryagatha, was published in with one hundred and eight songs, all composed before the age of seventeen. The themes of these songs are the beauty of nature, a romantic agony, devotion to God and patriotism.
The songs collected in the second part of Aryagatha, published in , include several love songs, written to his wife, Surabala Devi. A number of these songs are composed in kirtan style. Some of these songs combine western tunes with Bangla lyrics.
The song 'kemane tui re Jamuna pulin' borrows the tune of a Scottish song, 'Ye banks and braes'. Similarly, 'jao jetha jash achhe' is based on the Irish tune of 'Go where glory awaits thee'. During his posting at Bhagalpur and Monghyr, Dwijendralal learned Tapkheyal and subsequently introduced the style of Tapkheyal into his songs.
Inspired by the patriotic urge of the times, Dwijendralal also composed many satirical songs. One such song, ridiculing selfish politicians and so-called patriots, is 'Nandalaler Gun' Virtues of Nandalal.
In this song he exposed the real character of the selfish politicians and rebuked them for deceiving the people under the pretext of service to the motherland. The death of his wife in affected Dwijendralal who stopped composing songs of mirth and gaiety.
At the same time, the anti-British movement and the swadeshi movement inspired him to write patriotic and nationalistic songs for the motherland and against the partition of Bengal. Among the popular patriotic songs composed by Dwijendralal are 'Banga amar janani amar' O Bengal of mine, my motherland , 'Dhanadhanya puspabhara' [My land], abounding with wealth and grain.
As in his earlier songs, in these songs as well Dwijendralal combined western music with Indian raga. The antipathy of Dwijendralal towards the colonial rulers was mingled with his uncommon musical talent, and this is reflected in many of his patriotic songs.
However, he did not reject the west totally as revealed in his melding Bangla lyric and western music. Dwijendralal's songs, characterised by truth and beauty and a sense of joy, have become a part of the Bangla tradition. He died on 17 May in Kolkata. Toggle navigation Banglapedia. Main page Random page Contact. Jump to: navigation , search.
This is a meticulously well-researched book by a historian and ethnomusicologist that will be appreciated by researchers and faculty members of colonial studies and cultural studies as it showcases the contributions of Dwijendralal Roy as a colonial subject as well as a man of letters, a songwriter, a poet and a music composer par excellence… A review. Sanjukta Dasgupta Kolkata July 16, pm. Literary archaeology explores, excavates and unearths creative texts that were ignored, elided, marginalised or completely forgotten due to the hegemonic control of the mainstream literary turf by dominant creative personalities. This is a fact perhaps universally acknowledged throughout the world. Sarvani Gooptu performs a brilliant feat by presenting to the interested readers of the history of Bengali literature and culture a meticulous career graph of the multi-talented litterateur, lyricist and musician Dwijendralal Roy, who had generally been regarded as an also-ran creative talent of colonial Bengal. The first few chapters inform the readers that Dwijendralal Roy was born in In Krishnanagar, Nadia, in a considerably affluent and cultured home. His father, Dewan Kartikeya Chandra was a man of many talents; he knew several languages and was an accomplished singer and songwriter.
The archaeology of literature
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He was known for his Hindu mythological and Nationalist historical plays and songs known as Dwijendrageeti or the Songs of Dwijendralal , which number over , create a separate subgenre of Bengali music. He is regarded as one of the most important figures in early modern Bengali literature. His mother was a descendant of Vaishnava ascetic Advaita Acharya. Ray had six elder brothers and a younger sister. As a child, Ray was temperamental, introverted, thoughtful and a lover of nature, although he possessed the gift of the gab. Later, he received a B. Being a brilliant student, he received a scholarship owing to his performance in the Entrance and First Arts examinations, and was second among all students receiving M.