It is however definite that he travelled to Kusumapara modern day Patna for studies and even resided there for some time. It is mentioned in a few places that Aryabhata was the head of the educational institute in Kusumapara. The University of Nalanda had an observatory in its premises so it is hypothesized that Aryabhata was the principal of the university as well. On the other hand some other commentaries mention that he belonged to Kerala.

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Aryabhata , also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder , born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India , astronomer and the earliest Indian mathematician whose work and history are available to modern scholars.

He is also known as Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder to distinguish him from a 10th-century Indian mathematician of the same name. He flourished in Kusumapura—near Patalipurta Patna , then the capital of the Gupta dynasty —where he composed at least two works, Aryabhatiya c. Aryabhata became famous as a mathematician and astronomer.

In his only surviving work, Aryabhatiya , he covered a wide range of topics, such as extracting square roots , solving quadratic equations , and predicting eclipses. The translation of Aryabhatiya into Arabic at the end of the 8th century exercised a great influence on the development of mathematical astronomy in the Islamic world. Its contents are preserved to some extent in the works of Varahamihira flourished c.

It is one of the earliest astronomical works to assign the start of each day to midnight. Aryabhatiya was particularly popular in South India, where numerous mathematicians over the ensuing millennium wrote commentaries.

The work was written in verse couplets and deals with mathematics and astronomy. In Ganita Aryabhata names the first 10 decimal places and gives algorithms for obtaining square and cubic roots, using the decimal number system. Using the Pythagorean theorem , he obtained one of the two methods for constructing his table of sines. He also realized that second-order sine difference is proportional to sine.

Mathematical series, quadratic equations , compound interest involving a quadratic equation , proportions ratios , and the solution of various linear equations are among the arithmetic and algebraic topics included. With Kala-kriya Aryabhata turned to astronomy—in particular, treating planetary motion along the ecliptic.

Aryabhatiya ends with spherical astronomy in Gola , where he applied plane trigonometry to spherical geometry by projecting points and lines on the surface of a sphere onto appropriate planes. Aryabhata also correctly ascribed the luminosity of the Moon and planets to reflected sunlight. The Indian government named its first satellite Aryabhata launched in his honour. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Home Science Astronomy.

Written By: Takao Hayashi. See Article History. Top Questions. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. That European astronomy was also known is suggested by the 6th-century astronomer Varahamihira, who mentions the Romaka….

Aryabhata in the late 5th century was the greatest mathematician of his age. He introduced the concepts of zero and decimals. Varahamihira of the Gupta age was a profound scholar of all the sciences and arts, from botany to astronomy and from military science to….

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## Aryabhata the Elder

As we know zero has formed the basis for the evolution of modern mathematics. Pi has applications in mathematical calculations and various aspects of science and engineering. Ancient India in Vedic Times The Vedic period was a particularly golden period in Indian history, flush with discoveries and inventions in various areas of science, mathematics, arts and culture. And when the western world discovered these concepts, they were hailed as breakthroughs, with no one suspecting that the knowledge was already present in India ages ago.

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For his explicit mention of the relativity of motion, he also qualifies as a major early physicist. While there is a tendency to misspell his name as "Aryabhatta" by analogy with other names having the " bhatta " suffix, his name is properly spelled Aryabhata: every astronomical text spells his name thus, [8] including Brahmagupta 's references to him "in more than a hundred places by name". Aryabhata mentions in the Aryabhatiya that he was 23 years old 3, years into the Kali Yuga , but this is not to mean that the text was composed at that time. This mentioned year corresponds to CE, and implies that he was born in Similarly, the fact that several commentaries on the Aryabhatiya have come from Kerala has been used to suggest that it was Aryabhata's main place of life and activity; however, many commentaries have come from outside Kerala, and the Aryasiddhanta was completely unknown in Kerala. Chandra Hari has argued for the Kerala hypothesis on the basis of astronomical evidence.

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Aryabhata , also called Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder , born , possibly Ashmaka or Kusumapura, India , astronomer and the earliest Indian mathematician whose work and history are available to modern scholars. He is also known as Aryabhata I or Aryabhata the Elder to distinguish him from a 10th-century Indian mathematician of the same name. He flourished in Kusumapura—near Patalipurta Patna , then the capital of the Gupta dynasty —where he composed at least two works, Aryabhatiya c. Aryabhata became famous as a mathematician and astronomer. In his only surviving work, Aryabhatiya , he covered a wide range of topics, such as extracting square roots , solving quadratic equations , and predicting eclipses. The translation of Aryabhatiya into Arabic at the end of the 8th century exercised a great influence on the development of mathematical astronomy in the Islamic world. Its contents are preserved to some extent in the works of Varahamihira flourished c.