Acoelorrhaphe is a genus of palms with single species Acoelorrhaphe wrightii , known as the Paurotis palm , Everglades palm or Madeira palm in English     and cubas , tique , and papta in Spanish. It is native to Central America , southeastern Mexico , the Caribbean , Colombia , the Bahamas , and extreme southern Florida where it grows in swamps and periodically flooded forests. The leaf petiole is 1—1. The flowers are minute, inconspicuous and greenish, with 6 stamens. The trunk is covered with fibrous matting. The fruit is pea -sized, starting orange and turning to black at maturity.
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These clumps tend to be much narrower in diameter at ground level than at the tops- the effect is an inverted triangular-shaped clump. Leaves are on relatively short petioles and distinctly half circle with slightly silvery undersides. The petioles are armed with small teeth. Editing by edric. In a Mediterranean climate this is a pretty slow-growing palm.
A 5 gal plant can take years to reach adult height, but it starts to sucker at about that size 5 gal. It is also not too choosy of soil type, growing in nearly solid clay, to sand, and has a high tolerance for salt water. It is relatively uneffected by high winds, and is somewhat drought tolerant, though can also grow in standing water. If it weren't so slow growing, it would be a great landscaping palm for southern California, but it is a pretty rare palm in that area.
These palms are quite drought tolerant, and will thrive with no special care in Mediterranean climates like Southern California, Western Australia, etc. However, they are native to swampy places and will do much, much better is watered more heavily, or, even better, sited in a swamp. It does require continuous trimming of dead leaves, or else one ends up with a large, messy, dense shrub that can be pretty unsightly.
I have discovered that this palm is not all that great about being transplanted, but don't know if that is the 'norm' or if I am just bad at transplanting. According to Dave Bleistein, of La Habra, California, these palms will readily take transplanting and the attendant abuse provided they are watered heavily in the summer time.
A six-foot tall specimen dug and moved in May, had fully rooted in by the end of August, This specimen had a trench dug to about 12" deep and 12" from the trunk all around its base about nine months before the final move. In Mediterranean climates, where Ganoderma is a rare problem, this palm is usually disease free.
That is not necessarily true in its native climates, where this is a particularly susceptible species to that fungus. Once infected, it is nearly impossible to cure it, and it will usually eventually succumb.
As Ganoderma is a soil fungus, no other susceptible species should be planted in its place-ever. It is nearly impossible to eradicate this fungus from the soil once present.
Lyon Arboretum , Hawaii. Leu Gardens , Florida. The Huntington , CA. Photo by Alfonsobouchot. Special thanks to Palmweb. John Dransfield, Dr. Uhl, C. Asmussen-Lange, W. Baker, M. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers see images for credits.
Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions. Back to Palm Encyclopedia. Jump to: navigation , search. Native Continent America. Photo by H. Leu Gardens Botanist Eric S. Navigation menu Personal tools Log in. Namespaces Page Discussion. Views Read View source View history.
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Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms
Stems: Clustering, upright stems to 6 m tall and cm in diameter, covered with old leaf bases and fibers that gradually fall with age. Leaves: Palmate , induplicate , with blade divided more than half its length by numerous, stiff, narrow segments. Upper leaf surface, bright green; undersurface, silvery; leaftips bifid. The petiole has a lobed hastula and is armed with robust teeth that curve upward or downward along both margins. Flowers and fruits: Inflorescences ca. Flowers are small, creamy white and bisexual. Fruits are small
Palm Fact of the Week: The Everglades Palm, or Acoelorrhaphe wrightii
Habitat: It grows in low-elevation in swamps and periodically flooded forests in great mounds that erupt from the edges of small islands that dot this "river of grass". Description: Acoelorrhaphe wrightii is a small to moderately tall palm that grows in clusters to 5—7 metres, rarely 9 m tall with a variable spread. The trunks lean with multiple suckers clustered at the base away from one another creating attractive informal clusters as it matures. Trunks: Slender less than 15 centimetres diameter covered with old leaf bases and loose brown fibrous matting for most of its extents that gradually fall with age.